Randomized placebo-controlled study of oral calcium carbonate supplementation in plateletpheresis: II. Metabolic effects
Charles D. Bolan, Robert A. Wesley, Yu Ying Yau, Stacey A. Cecco, Judith Starling, Jaime M. Oblitas, Nadja N. Rehak, Susan F. Leitman
The metabolic effects of oral calcium (Ca) supplementation during plateletpheresis were evaluated in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty-three donors underwent four plateietpheresis procedures each, receiving in random order, elemental Ca (Ca) 1 or 2 g orally, or a corresponding placebo, 30 minutes before donation. Ten of these donors underwent a fifth procedure using a 4-g Ca dose. All procedures were performed at a fixed citrate infusion rate of 1.5 mg per kg per minute.
RESULTS Oral Ca induced dose-sensitive changes in parathyroid hormone (iPTH), total (tCa), and ionized (iCa) calcium levels. Compared to placebo, the greatest improvement in tCa and iCa levels occurred after the 2-g Ca dose (tCa of 73, 89, and 25% above placebo levels at 60 min, using 1, 2, and 4g of oral Ca, respectively).
Twenty-four hours after apheresis, serum tCa and iCa levels were higher, and iPTH levels lower, in donors who received oral Ca rather than placebo. Marked increases in urinary Ca and magnesium (Mg) excretion occurred at the completion of apheresis, were unaffected by Ca dose, and retumed to baseline within 24 hours. Plateletpheresis also induced significant changes in serum alkaline phosphatase, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and osteocalcin levels immediately and at 24 hours after apheresis.
CONCLUSION Plateletpheresis induces marked acute metabolic effects, with sustained changes evident up to 24 hours after the completion of apheresis. Oral Ca supplementation exerts a significant but clinically modest impact on selected laboratory variables associated with these effects. Further studies are indicated to examine the long-term impact of plateletpheresis, with or without Ca supplementation, on donor Ca balance and bone density.
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